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Coping with the physical and mental damage of Covid-19

27 Aug

The summer term of 2020 will be memorable.  Who would have thought that when the new year broke, we would be on the cusp of experiencing the most gruelling time on this planet testing the leaders of schools and academies to the limit?  This is what precisely happened as we approached the end of the spring term.  Having originated in a market in Wuhan, China, at the tail-end of 2019, Covid-19, the virus, leapt from bats to humans.  Since then, this microscopic predator has wreaked havoc on humankind, laying low many people’s lives, devasting the world’s finances and disrupting civilization as we have known it.  The world’s scientists, at the time of writing, are frantically trying to find a cure to fight the enemy and a vaccine to stop it from entering humans and creating more mayhem.  At the earliest, they will not know if they are successful until the year ends and 2021 dawns.

Education – among most aspects of life – has been clobbered by Covid-19.

Schools and academies have been compelled to shut down during the summer term of 2020 and, at the time of writing, are directed to reopen in September 2020.  However, the government has a fight on its hands with the unions, especially as scientists have now discovered that youngsters from the age of 10 upwards can become infected with the virus and worse still, pass it on to adults – teachers, support staff and, of course, their parents.

School and academy leaders have on the one hand to do everything possible guard their communities – pupils and staff – from the virus and, on the other hand, act as “piggy-in-the-middle” between the government that is determined that institutions will open in September and the unions who justifiably fear for the lives of their members.   Their leadership will be severely tested trying to promote peace between two warring factions.

In the middle of it all are the children, who have suffered greatly, the poor and disadvantaged more than the rest.  In my mind’s eye, I see two bulls at war with each other – the government on the one hand and the unions on the other.  The ground on which they do battle are the schools and academies, and the lives that they imperil the most are the children.  I often wish that if they must fight, they take their feuds elsewhere.  However, they don’t, and they can’t.   The curious feature of this conflict is that both sides aver that they take the stance that they do in the best interests of the children.

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Covid-19: The Continuing Saga

27 Aug

Covid-19 has dominated our lives during the Spring Term 2020 and is likely to continue doing so for the foreseeable future.     The world-wide pandemic has had a devastating and mainly negative impact.  Post-Covid-19 is likely to see an altogether different landscape from the one we viewed pre-pandemic.  No area of life will be left unaffected, including education.

Most businesses have suffered as also people – vis-à-vis their economic condition.  However, the negative impact was mitigated by Chancellor Rishi Sunak, who pumped billions into the British economy.  Who would have thought that this would have happened in December 2019 when Boris Johnson triumphantly trumpeted that we would – come hail or shine – be leaving the European Union by the end of 2020?

The government recognised that it made some serious mistakes.  Boris Johnson – at last – accepted responsibility when Laura Kuenssberg of the BBC interviewed him on 24 July 2020.  He said that in the “first few weeks and months” of the outbreak, his ministers and he “could have done differently” in its handling of the virus.

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Returning to Schools and Academies – Advice to from the NSPCC

27 Aug

Returning to school after over five months is going to be tricky if not daunting – for all – headteachers, teachers, administrative and support staff, parents and most of all, the children.   Following the lengthy lockdown, pupils will be dealing with new school rules, routines, classrooms, classmates, teachers and, in some cases, even new schools.

For many, these changes will inevitably create anxiety, given the ongoing threat of COVID-19 and new school social distancing and hygiene measures. More so again if they, or other family members, have been shielding until recently.

The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) has produced excellent guidance for parents and schools/academies, on the safe resumption of schooling, an edited version of which is set out below.

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Government attempts to ease funding pain for schools and academies to cope with the pandemic

27 Aug

Over the next three years, schools and academies in England will receive an extra £14.4 billion.  In 2022/23 funding will rise by £7.1 billion as compared to 2019/20.  However, once inflation is factored in, this increase will amount to £4.3 billion.  Full Fact, an independent charity, calculated that school and academy funding will be £135 million a week higher by 2022/23.  It works out to £82.7 million a week, when one adds inflation.

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Ofsted’s plans for 2020/21 academic year

27 Aug

I           Looking forwards

On 6 July 2020, Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector (HMCI), Amanda Spielman, published the plans for Ofsted from September 2020, when all schools and academies are due to reopen for normal work.  She rued the enormous loss of lives because of the pandemic and remarked on the growing concern of its impact on the education of children.  The closure of institutions has had been detrimental to the education of millions of children and made many vulnerable youngsters invisible to the care services.

She praised teachers and headteachers for the tenacity they exhibited to work hard and sustain education during the lockdown. She also had warm words for the schools and academies that remained open for the vulnerable children and the children of key workers.

However, she remarked that it was a sad fact that children would have had unequal experiences in their homes.  “Not every child will have had a quiet place to work, a supportive adult on hand to help or access to technology.”  A number would have become demotivated and others find it hard to catch up.

Notwithstanding, she acknowledged that many children and school and academy staff were resilient and observed “that with clear guidance and careful planning, schools will get pupils where they need to be”.

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Lockdown: Most Serious Educational Disruption in a Lifetime

13 Apr

I         The Good, Bad and Ugly

Times of crises bring out the best and worst of human nature.   We have seen amazing acts of kindness coming from all quarters.  Neighbours, for instance, have marshalled their resources offering to support the elderly, the sick and the housebound in a range of matters.

Daniel Kaufman, Senior Fellow, Global Economy and Development, wrote from Washington, D.C. that he ventured out briefly on 18 March 2020 “to the store a block away, estimating that the weekly truck may have come to partly replenish the empty shelves”.  He and his wife needed an item in short supply, a hand sanitizer bottle.  He asked at the counter whether the pharmacy had any.   The staff members replied that the last few bottles had been sold.   A young woman, who was paying at the next counter, turned to him, opened her bag, and quickly handed him a small bottle of hand sanitizer. He resisted at first, telling her that it was truly hers and that she also very much needed to use it. She insisted, saying that she had two more bottles, and emphasized that at a difficult time like this they needed to share.

He thanked her profusely, observing a social distance.  As they were leaving, a man in his eighties, using a cane, came towards Kaufman, “beaming at the sight of the just-gifted little bottle” in his hand.  He asked if many were still left on the shelf and if so, where he could find them.  Kaufman replied that there weren’t any and offered him the one sold to him by the kind, young woman.   She heard the exchange, went towards them, opened her bag again, took out the second bottle and told the elderly gentleman that he could have hers (and not Kaufman’s).  Each one of the three now had one bottle of hand-sanitizer.  Kaufman was touched.

Outside the store, he saw her. They introduced themselves to each other.  He said he was Chilean and enquired whether she was Canadian. She courteously replied that she was a U.S. citizen. She wondered aloud why Kaufman thought she was Canadian. He explained that there was a new term that had been coined in Canada: “It is solidarity and mutual help turned into concrete community action, which quickly spread through Canada.” She appreciated the exchange, and she asked whether Kaufman and his wife needed any help, and likewise he asked her. They parted.

Having emanated from Wuhan in China, Coronavirus has spread like wildfire blown by lusty winds right across the world.  After China, Italy and Spain were hit the hardest.  At the time of writing, citizens of both countries were quarantined.  Italy that invented opera.  In an amateur video, the Italian Air Force flew a single jet, representing the virus, meeting other fighter jets streaming the colours of the Italian flat.  And Pavarotti sang: “Nessun Dorma” from Puccini’s Turandot with the lyrics: “We shall overcome.”

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Coronavirus: what governors need to do now

13 Apr

We are going through testing times, worse than those experienced during the 2008 financial crash, and probably the worst since World War II.  At least, in the last world war, the enemy was visible.  Not so Covid 19, the virus that has ravished the planet.  Governing boards, like the schools and academies they oversee and serve, will have to adapt rapidly to a new way of working, understand what’s expected of the chair and how all governors can support their institutions, during this period of prolonged closure.

The Key, a governors’ organisation, has produced some excellent advice for the chair of the governing board during these testing times. What follows is a synopsis of that advice which has been put together for The Key by Lucinda Bell, a senior lawyer specialising in education law, Jacqueline Baker, an education consultant who specialises in senior leadership recruitment, and Gulshan Kayembe, an independent consultant who has been an inspector.

I      Preamble

Since schools and academies closed for most pupils on 23 March, headteachers and staff members have had to get to grips with a whole new way of working.   Leaders ae running things quite differently and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future.  The role of chair of the board of a school/academy board will evolve too.  Meanwhile, what can the chair do best to discharge her/his functions?

(a)     Support the headteacher

What a headteacher considers to be supportive and how much of that s/he needs from the chair will depend on the headteacher on the one hand and the capabilities of the chair on the other.

(b)     Take the lead from the headteacher

The most important thing for the chair is to let her/his headteacher know that s/he is available to the headteacher and ask her/him how frequently both should communicate with and contact each other.  There’s a fine line between support and getting in the way.

(c)      Be the link between the school/academy and the board

The chair should let governors know that all communication with the school/academy should be managed through the chair. Though well-meaning, a flurry of emails will simply burden school leaders.  It is critical to head this off at the outset.

The chair should let governors know that s/he will be communicating with them, possibly on a weekly or fortnightly basis by email.

(d)     Be a sounding board

The chair could be asked about operational decisions by the headteacher, who should be given the opportunity to run these past her/him.  The chair’s role here is to act as a sounding board, not to hijack the headteacher’s powers and responsibilities. If asked by the headteacher what s/he should do in a specific instance, the chair should offer thoughts and then be prepared to step back. The actual decision sits with the headteacher.

(e)      Show the headteacher and staff some love

The chair could write a letter of support from the whole board to the headteacher and staff to demonstrate appreciation.  This can go a long way to making the headteacher and staff feel supported and valued.

II     Meetings

(a)     Holding remote, ‘virtual’ meetings

The chair should avoid all non-essential contact, and this includes governing board meetings. The DfE is advising boards to use alternative arrangements, like video or teleconferencing, instead of face-to-face meetings. The Key has provided very good guidance about holding meetings “virtually”. This can be accessed here.

On a practical level, the chair must plan for what to do if s/he and the vice chair aren’t available for a meeting or to support the headteacher and maintain contact with the school/academy.

Review succession planning and make sure each governor knows when s/he is expected to step up.

Also plan for the possibility of the clerk being unavailable. One of the governors (but not the headteacher) is allowed to step in to clerk a meeting, if needed.

(b)     Be sensible about agenda items

Meetings should focus on urgenttime-bound decisions. Some examples of items on which to focus are as follows.

  • Approval of the Schools Financial Value Standards document to be submitted to the local authority (maintained schools), if not done so already.
  • Approving the budget
  • Approving pay recommendations
  • Recruiting a headteacher (if relevant)
  • Staff restructures (if relevant)

The governing board would be forgiven if it delayed consideration of the following.

(c)      When to use chair’s action

If something urgent arises and it’s not possible for the board to meet, the chair has the power to act during the emergency such as updating the vital child protection policy or handling an urgent press response.

III    Decide how to handle statutory procedures

There may be some time-bound matters that will have to be delayed, given the extraordinary circumstances.  Here is a sample.

(a)     Grievances and disciplinary appeals

The board can continue these remotely if all parties agree to do so and if it’s practicable (e.g. all witnesses can attend remotely, evidence can still be gathered, etc). If anyone demurs, governors will have to defer these until the school/academy re-opens.

(b)     Exclusions

The government closed schools and academies on 23 March 2020. However, they continue to remain open for a small number of pupils. This has caused some confusion about whether they’re closed for the purposes of statutory timelines for considering exclusions.

The DfE has confirmed to The Key previously that ‘school days’ for the purpose of statutory deadlines like this are the 190 teaching days of the regular school/academy year. Though the DfE hasn’t explicitly said that meetings to consider exclusions should be deferred during this time, it’s difficult to imagine how these would be considered working days. Accordingly, it is justifiable to defer considering exclusion cases until schools and academies re-open.

(c)      Complaints

If the school/academy receives a complaint during the closure, the chair should suggest to the headteacher that s/he could write an initial response to:

  • outline the school’s/academy’s position (e.g. if it’s about a child not getting a place because the school/academy decided the parent wasn’t a ‘critical worker’, the head must explain how the decision was made) and
  • explain that that the current situation means the school/academy can’t follow its usual complaints procedures until it’s re-opened.

IV    Streamline monitoring

Monitoring should focus on essential areas during this period. They are the following.

  • Safeguarding
  • Health and safety
  • Headteacher and staff wellbeing
  • Continuing education

To a lesser extent, the board will also want to monitor how the school/academy is continuing to provide an education for pupils. In line with the government’s guidance on social distancing and self-isolation, board members should not monitor the school/academy in person, or arrange in-person meetings with staff, unless it is necessary.

(a)     Monitoring safeguarding

The chair, or the link governor for safeguarding, special educational needs or the Pupil Premium, should be responsible for this area.   Other governors can feed in as necessary.

The governor with responsibility for safeguarding could arrange a call with the headteacher, designated safeguarding lead (DSL) or special educational needs co-ordinator (SENCO) to talk about the following matters.

  • How the school/academy is making sure vulnerable pupils are kept safe (including those who are at home, rather than at the school/academy), and whether these plans are working well.
  • How the school/academy is working with the local authority (LA) to safeguard vulnerable pupils.
  • How the school/academy is checking on all pupils who are staying at home.
  • How pupils, especially vulnerable pupils who are still coming into the school/academy, are coping.
  • Whether staff have concerns about any pupils who aren’t technically categorised as ‘vulnerable’ by the DfE, and what the school/academy is doing for these pupils.
  • How the school/academy is supporting pupils who are eligible for free school meals, and whether pupils are accessing this provision.
  • If the school/academy is delivering remote lessons and what safeguarding arrangements are in place to keep pupils safe.
  • The arrangements that the LA may have made to create ‘hub’ schools/academies, and what impact they could have on safeguarding arrangements.
  • Any support that staff members need from the chair.

Vulnerable children means children who are supported by social care and those with safeguarding and welfare needs, including the following.

  • Pupils with child-in-need plans
  • Pupils on child protection plans
  • Looked-after children
  • Young carers
  • Disabled children
  • Pupils with education, health and care plans (EHCPs).

School leaders will work closely with social workers and parents to decide on arrangements for specific pupils.

School leaders must work with the LA to set reasonable safeguarding procedures (for instance, around ID checks for parents they don’t know) in the “hub” schools/academies.

(b)     Monitoring health and safety

The health and safety link governor (if there is one) should monitor health and safety.  In the absence of this person, the responsibility falls to the chair.

The responsible governor should arrange a call with the headteacher or school/academy business manager to talk about the following.

  • The arrangements the school/academy has in place to maintain social distancing for staff and pupils on site
  • Wider health and safety arrangements (such as having a first aider on site, an increased cleaning rota or locking down certain parts of the school/academy building)
  • The continued safety of the school/academy building, including any previously raised premises issues
  • Any support that staff need

(c)      Monitoring headteacher and staff well-being

Responsibility for monitoring the well-being of the headteacher and staff falls to the designated governor or in her/his absence, the chair.

The designated governor should raise the following matters with the headteacher.

  • Any support s/he and/or their staff need
  • How staff members are adapting to remote working, or working with a skeletal number of staff members
  • Whether all staff members have the resources they need to work from home
  • Any illness among staff

In these exceptional circumstances, the headteacher will be bombarded with considerable information and several demands (from the LA, the DfE, unions and anxious parents – to name a few). The most important thing is to be the headteacher’s ally.

Staff members who are working remotely, especially if they have their own children at home, are probably going to take some time to adjust. It’s important that the school/academy doesn’t overburden them heavy workloads to compensate for not being on site.

(d)     How to monitor continuing education

The chair should assume responsibility for continuing education.  Other designated governors for the different areas of the curriculum should cede to her/him to enable the headteacher to keep in contact with the minimum number of governors.  The chair should lean on link governors to feed into any conversations about remote learning.

The chair should talk to the headteacher about the following.

  • The school’s/academy’s approach to remote learning and addressing the following.
    • Is the school/academy sending resource packs home? Are teachers recording video lessons?
    • How much work does the headteacher and staff expect pupils to do?
  • Any guidance or support the school/academy has given to parents about helping their children’s learning at home.
  • The balance of learning activities for pupils who are still attending the school/academy.

School/academy leaders will need to navigate a lot of challenges around remote learning, including the following.

  • Access to technology at home.
  • The fact that pupils may not be in a very effective learning environment (for instance, if they’re sharing small spaces with siblings, or have parents balancing childcare with working from home).
  • How capable parents are of supporting their children’s learning (many school/academy leaders are emphasising embedding existing learning, because teaching pupils new things remotely can be difficult).
  • How equipped the school/academy is to take on more tech-led types of remote teaching.

The Department for Education (DfE) doesn’t have any expectations about what remote teaching should look like.  All the DfE wants is for schools/academies to plan engaging activities that encourage children to log on.

(e)      Sharing information with fellow governors

Chairs, or whoever carries out the monitoring activities above, should report back to the full governing board regularly. You can do this via email.  This will ensure all governors are up-to-date or can step in to help monitor the school/academy or support the headteacher if the chair or another governor isn’t available.  Regular updates will also help the board start to think about the impact of the closure on issues related to governors’ link roles or committees.

For instance, if the school/academy can’t run after-school/after-academy clubs, this may impact the school’s/academy’s budget.

V      Keep details on GIAS up to date

Make sure you know who to get in touch with to keep contact information updated on Get information About Schools.  The government will use this to communicate with governors, and some of that information may require quick and decisive action.

Now, perhaps more than ever, it’s important to avoid mixed messages. Should parents approach the chair and/or other governors directly with questions or complaints about the school/academy, refer them:

  • directly to the headteacher, or
  • to the school’s/academy’s complaints procedures. However, dealing with formal complaints is likely to be deferred until schools/academies re-open.